DVD Replication - DVD Duplication - DVD Manufacturing - DVD Custom Tray - Eco Friendly Packaging - DVD Jackets - DVD Mailers - DVD Movie Packaging

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Glossary: DVD Replication
- Information (and links for further research) on DVD media, formats, authoring, encoding, printing, packaging, distribution

Megalodon Multimedia Manufacturing

DVD Categories:


Source & Link:
Source media / dvd format / dvd media
DVD
Short for digital versatile disc or digital video disc, a type of optical disk technology similar to the CD-ROM . A DVD holds a minimum of 4.7 GB of data, enough for a full-length movie. DVDs are commonly used as a medium for digital representation of movies and other multimedia presentations that combine sound with graphics.

The DVD specification supports disks with capacities of from 4.7GB to 17GB and access rates of 600KBps to 1.3 MBps . One of the best features of DVD drives is that they are backward-compatible with CD-ROMs, meaning they can play old CD-ROMs, CD-I disks, and video CDs, as well as new DVD-ROMs . Newer DVD players can also read CD-R disks.

DVD uses MPEG-2 to compress video data.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD.html

DLT
Tape format required for mastering DVD-9.

Short for Digital Linear Tape, a type of magnetic tape storage device originally developed by DEC and now marketed by several companies. DLTs are ?-inch wide and the cartridges come in several sizes ranging from 20 to over 40 GB . DLT drives are faster than most other types of tape drives, achieving transfer rates of 2.5 MBps

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DLT.html

DVD-R
Short for Short for DVD-R ecordable , a recordable DVD format similar to CD-R . A DVD-R can only record data once and then the data becomes permanent on the disc. The disc can not be recorded onto a second time. There also are two additional standards for DVD-R disks: DVD-RG for general use, and DVD-RA for authoring, which is used for mastering DVD video or data and is not typically available to the general public. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_R.html

DVD-RW
Short for DVD-R eWritable , a re-recordable DVD format similar to DVD+RW . The data on a DVD-RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_R.html

DVD+R
Short for DVD+R ecordable , a recordable DVD format similar to CD-R . A DVD+R can only record data once and then the data becomes permanent on the disc. The disc can not be recorded onto a second time. DVD+R and DVD+RW formats are supported by Philips, Sony, Hewlett-Packard, Dell, Ricoh, Yamaha and others.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_plus_R.html

DVD+RW
Short for DVD+R eWritable , a re-recordable DVD format similar to CD-RW . The data on a DVD+RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium. DVD+RW and DVD+R formats are supported by Philips, Sony, Hewlett-Packard, Dell, Ricoh, Yamaha and others.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_plus_RW.html

DVD-RAM
A DVD format wherein DVD-RAM discs can be recorded and erased repeatedly but are only compatible with devices manufactured by the companies that support the DVD-RAM format. DVD-RAM discs are typically housed in cartridges. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_RAM.html

DVD-ROM
A new type of read-only compact disc that can hold a minimum of 4.7GB ( gigabytes ), enough for a full-length movie.

The DVD-ROM specification supports disks with capacities of from 4.7GB to 17GB and access rates of 600 KBps to 1.3 MBps . One of the best features of DVD-ROM drives is that they are backward-compatible with CD-ROMs. This means that DVD-ROM players can play old CD-ROMs, CD-I disks, and video CDs, as well as new DVD-ROMs. Newer DVD players can also read CD-R disks.

DVD-ROMs use MPEG-2 to compress video data.
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DVD_ROM.html





DVD-10
DVD-10 (12 cm, DS/SL)
8.74 gig (9.40 BB), about 4.5 hours
http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html#3.3

DVD-14
DVD-14 (12 cm, DS/ML)
12.32 gig (13.24 BB), about 6.5 hours

DVD-18
DVD-18 (12 cm, DS/DL)
15.90 gig (17.08 BB), over 8 hours

DVD-5
DVD-5 (12 cm, SS/SL)
4.37 gig (4.70 BB) of data, over 2 hours of video

DVD-9
DVD-9 (12 cm, SS/DL)
7.95 gig (8.54 BB), about 4 hours





Layer 1
Refers to the 1st data layer on one side of a DVD. DVD-5 uses layer 1 only.


Layer 2
Refers to the 2nd data layer on one side of a DVD. DVD-9 uses layer 1 and layer 2.







The creation of a DVD to be used as a master for DVD replication


MPEG
Short for Moving Picture Experts Group, and pronounced m-peg, a working group of ISO. The term also refers to the family of digital video compression standards and file formats developed by the group. MPEG generally produces better-quality video than competing formats, such as Video for Windows ,Indeo and QuickTime . MPEG files can be decoded by special hardware or by software.

MPEG achieves high compression rate by storing only the changes from one frame to another, instead of each entire frame. The video information is then encoded using a technique called DCT. MPEG uses a type of lossy compression, since some data is removed. But the diminishment of data is generally imperceptible to the human eye.
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/M/MPEG.html

MPEG 1
The most common implementations of the MPEG-1 standard provide a video resolution of 352-by-240 at 30 frames per second (fps). This produces video quality slightly below the quality of conventional VCR videos.


MPEG 2
MPEG-2 offers resolutions of 720x480 and 1280x720 at 60 fps, with full CD-quality audio. This is sufficient for all the major TV standards, including NTSC , and even HDTV . MPEG-2 is used by DVD-ROMs . MPEG-2 can compress a 2 hour video into a few gigabytes. While decompressing an MPEG-2 data stream requires only modest computing power, encoding video in MPEG-2 format requires significantly more processing power.


MPEG 4
MPEG-4 is a graphics and video compression algorithm standard that is based on MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 and Apple QuickTime technology. Wavelet -based MPEG-4 files are smaller than JPEG or QuickTime files, so they are designed to transmit video and images over a narrower bandwidth and can mix video with text, graphics and 2-D and 3-D animation layers. MPEG-4 was standardized in October 1998 in the ISO /IEC document 14496.


NTSC
Short for National Television System Committee . The NTSC is responsible for setting television and video standards in the United States (in Europe and the rest of the world, the dominant television standards are PAL and SECAM). The NTSC standard for television defines a composite video signal with a refresh rate of 60 half- frames (interlaced) per second. Each frame contains 525 lines and can contain 16 million different colors.

The NTSC standard is in compatible with most computer video standards, which generally use RGB video signals. However, you can insert special video adapters into your computer that convert NTSC signals into computer video signals and vice versa.
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/N/NTSC.htm

QuickTime
A video and animation system developed by Apple Computer . QuickTime is built into the Macintosh operating system and is used by most Mac applications that include video or animation. PCs can also run files in QuickTime format , but they require a special QuickTime driver . QuickTime supports most encoding formats, including Cinepak ,JPEG , and MPEG . QuickTime is competing with a number of other standards , including AVI and ActiveMovie .

In February 1998, the ISO standards body gave Quicktime a boost by deciding to use it as the basis for the new MPEG-4 standard.
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/Q/QuickTime.html

AVI
A format developed by Microsoft Corporation for storing video and audio information. Files in this format have a.AVI extension . AVI files are limited to 320 x 240 resolution , and 30 frames per second , neither of which is adequate for full-screen, full-motion video. However, Video for Windows does not require any special hardware , making it the lowest common denominator for multimedia applications . Many multimedia producers use this format because it allows them to sell their products to the largest base of users .

Video for Windows supports several data compression techniques, including RLE, Indeo , and Cinepak . A competing software -only video format is QuickTime .
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/V/Video_for_Windows.html

ActiveMovie
Amultimedia streaming technology developed by Microsoft . ActiveMovie is already built into the Internet Explorer browser will be part of future versions of the Windows operating system . Supporting most multimedia formats, including MPEG , ActiveMovie enables users to view multimedia content distributed over the Internet , an intranet , or CD-ROM .

ActiveMovie's main competition is the QuickTime standard developed by Apple Computer .
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/A/ActiveMovie.html

Hybrid DVD
A disc that works in both DVD-Video players and DVD-ROM PCs. (More accurately called an enhanced DVD)

A DVD-ROM disc that runs on Windows and Mac OS computers. (More accurately called a cross-platform DVD.)

A DVD-ROM or DVD-Video disc that also contains Web content for connecting to the Internet. (More accurately called a WebDVD or Enhanced DVD.)

A disc that contains both DVD-Video and DVD-Audio content or SACD content. (More accurately called a universal or AV DVD. The DVD-Audio standard allows this. The SACD standard does not officially allow video, so it's unclear what a  given SACD player will do with a hybrid SACD+DVD-Video disc.) Other variations of this hybrid would be a disc with both DVD-Audio and SACD content, or a disc with all three formats.

A disc with two layers, one that can be read in DVD players and one that can be read in CD players. (More accurately called a legacy or CD-compatible disc.)
http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html#1.31
DVD Authoring, Encoding, Premastering




DVD Authoring Systems
A list of DVD authoring systems
http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html#5.4

http://www.dvdirect.com/TSS/charts/DVDAuthoringComparison.htm


DVD Copying
Making a copy of a commercial DVD is generally illegal, but assuming that you have a legitimate need for copying disc to disc (such as your own disc) , the following link will help you.

"If you have a legitimate need to copy a DVD, such as a disc you made yourself, there are a number of options. You can hook a DVD player to a set-top DVD video recorder. Some DVD authoring software (see 5.4 ) can import video from an unprotected disc. There are computer software utilities you can use to extract video and audio from a disc, which you can then use to make a new disc. There are also software tools for copying entire discs. See 6.4.2 and 5.3.3 for tools; see 5.8 for how to make your own DVDs. "

http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html#5.4
DVD Production
Manufacturing Pressed DVDs
Min Order: 1000 qty....this is due to the enormous set up costs with pressed dvds. Each dvd run includes the cost of the glass master, the disc manufacturing & presseing of data in to it, film & printing plates used for the disc offset printing, and a test disc complete with offset printing & data for your review.


DVD Manufacturing Pricing
Replication costs from bulk dvds to dvds with premium packaging, posted on line. These are frequently asked for packages & quantities (1000 - 10,000)

For large qty manufacturing (> 10,000), you will need special considerations, including different freight options.

http://www.dvd-duplication-replication-manufacturing.com/

DVD Testing
Included in your manufacturing is a printed test disc with data. This will aloow you to test your disc yourself for any programming or content flaws. Manufacturing machines can catch only manufacturing defects- things like bad bits, BLERS, E22s, etc. They can not catch programming flaws.


Choosing DVD Packaging
You'll want to choose your packaging based on a number of factors, including budget, the market you are targeting, distribution & sales method. If you're not sure where to start, you may wan to window shop the examples & photos page to see what other clients chose.

For example, discs that are free give aways, usually involve paper windows or 4C minijackets to keep costs down.

Discs being sold in a high end retail environment will generally require tall, substantial packaging. Tall Custom Tray style folders, custom folds, box sets, slipcases, snapperpaks, boxes...generally speaking the fancier the packaging the more attention a product gets and in theory, the more the customer is willing to spend.


Standard retail, where you would expect your product to be with similarly priced/packaged units would include dvd amaray boxes & jewelcases.

Discs that are going to be distributed via mail, will want lightweight packaging, and packaging that does not crack. Stay away from jewelcases. DVD amaray boxes won't crack, but are heavy. An oversixed dvd folder or mailer is a good option.


Choose a different paper stock to convey a natural feeling like recycled content or fiberboard, or use printing options like varnish, embossing, and die cut to customize.

Discs going in food containers (cereal boxes, beverage containers, etc) often are packaged in moisture & dust resistant packaging like sealed PVC vinyl. Over the neck bottle packaging is also available.

Discs going in magazines frequently use paper sleeves, minijackets, or special paper inserts with discs attached with an adhesive sleeve or hub.

Insider TIP - it is not expensive to create custom packaging, especially if cardboard based! Use this option to create unique packaging.

Window Shop Examples & Photos, see what other clients did


Inexpensive Minijackets


Premium Packaging:
Tall Custom Tray Style Folders Snapper Paks
Multi Disc Sets

DVD Amaray Boxes
Jewelcases

Jackets & Wallets
Mailers

Recopaks & Fiberboard







Useful Links, Good Articles & Sites for further information Web Address:
DVD Formats Explained
http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Software/2003/DVDFormatsExplained.asp
DVD Frequently Asked Questions (and Answers) http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html#4.3
Buyer's Guide: DVD Writers http://www.smallbusinesscomputing.com/buyersguide/article.php/1026541
DVD Forum http://www.dvdforum.org/forum.shtml
DVD Technical Notes http://www.mpeg.org/MPEG/DVD/
Welcome to Dolby Laboratories
http://www.dolby.com/

Phillips Home Page http://www.philips.com
DVD Overview  
Outlines the technologies behind the large capacity successor to the CD, its various formats and the compatibility issues. Includes graphics, diagrams and an integrated glossary. This page is from "The PC Technology Guide."
http://www.pctechguide.com/10dvd.htm
DVD resource index  
This site is an impressive index of Web-based resources and information related to DVD technology.
http://www.robertsdvd.com/

O P E N L A W : OPEN DVD  
A Web site from Harvard University that chronicles the development of DVD law.
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/openlaw/DVD/
DVD Insider
Provides daily news stories regarding the DVD industry as well an index of DVD, HDTV and MPEG articles. Also hosts an industry conference calendar and links for both consumer and industry research.
http://dvdinsider.com/

CD and DVD Replication Product Sheets

Parent Company Info

CD Manufacturing, DVD Manufacturing, USB Flash Memory Video Card Mailer - multimedia manufacturing by Megalodon
Specializing in Custom CD DVD Packaging including CD DVD DigiBook Printing
Please note- replication, duplication, manufacturing are used interchangeably on our site,
all discs are pressed (data & printed) , unless noted as a special recordable product.

       
Special Printing Effects- Foil, Emboss, Deboss, Spot Gloss
Custom Die Packaging
Special Paper Stocks- Uncoated Matte, Recycled, Fiberboard
CD DVD Digi Book Packaging
CD DVD Digipaks
CD LPs Book Binding
Vintage LP Style Jackets
Chipboard Boxes
MultiDisc Set Packaging
USB Manufacturing

Memory Flash Cards


Video Mailers

Clear Substrate Discs
Eco-Friendly Custom Digipak Packaging with Paper Trays

Recycled Digipaks

Fiberboard Digipaks
What is it like to work with megalodon?
Ask our clients, we're a differnt kind of company.
   

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CD & DVD Examples & Photos

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Bulk CD Replication
Unique- Clear Substrate CDs
Multiple CD Sets

CDs in Plastic Cases
CDs in Jewelcases
Slipcase Sets with Jewelcases
CDs in DVD Cases
Slipcase Sets with DVD Cases
CDs in Clear DVD Cases
X-RAY Cases (even the insert is clear!)
Multi CDs Slipcase Sets

CDs with Custom Digipak Packaging (4C Folders with Clear Trays)
5inch Midheight Packaging:
CDs in Midheight Digipaks
Eco-Friendly Fiberboard Digipaks
Recycled Content Digipaks
7inch Tall Packaging:
CDs in Tall Digipaks
Eco-Friendly Fiberboard Digipaks
Recycled Content Tall Digipaks
Tall Totally Clear Digipaks
Multi-CD Sets in Digipaks

CDs with Jackets, Folders, and Wallets (with pocket & foam hub options)
5inch Midheight Packaging:
CDs in Minijackets
CDs in Mini LPs
CDs in Jackets
Recycled Content Hub Jackets
CDs in Recycled Content Jackets
Eco-Friendly Fiberboard Jackets
CDs in Self Mailers
CDs in Wide (Postcard) Mailers
Unique- CDs in 3D PopUp Paks
7inch Tall Packaging:
CD in Tall Jackets
CDs in Recycled Tall Jackets
CD Greeting Cards & Envelopes
Multi-CD Jacket Sets

CDs with Boxes, Portfolios, etc
CDs in Software Product Boxes
CDs in Retail Hangtags
CDs in Literature Portfolios
CDs in Snapper Boxes
See Also Slipcases, above.
Bulk DVD Replication
Unique- Clear Substrate DVD
Multi Title DVD Sets

DVDs in Plastic Cases
DVDs in Jewelcases
Midheight Slipcase Sets with Jewelcases
DVDs in DVD Movie Cases
Slipcase Sets with DVD Cases
DVDs in Clear & Frosted DVD Cases
X-RAY Cases (even the insert is clear!)
Multi DVDs in Slipcase Sets

DVDs with Custom Digipak Packaging (4C Folders with Clear Trays)
5inch Midheight DVD Packaging:
DVDs with MidHeight Trays
Recycled Content Digipaks
Eco Friendly Digipaks
7inch Tall DVD Packaging:
DVDs with Tall Digipaks
Eco-Friendly Fiberboard Digipaks
Recycled Content Tall Digipaks
Totally Clear Digipaks
Multi DVD Title Digipak Packaging

DVDs with Jacket Packaging
5inch Midheight DVD Packaging:
DVDs in Minijackets
DVDs in Mini LP / Promo Trailers
DVDs in Jackets & Wallets
Recycled Content Jackets
Eco Friendly Fiberboard Jackets
DVDs in Self Mailers
DVDs in Wide (Postcard) Jackets
Unique- DVDs in Pop-Up-Paks
7inch Tall DVD Packaging:
DVDs in Tall Jackets
Eco-Friendly Fiberboard Jackets
DVDs in Recycled Content Jackets
DVDs in Tall Recycled Jackets
DVD Greeting Cards & Envelopes
DVDs in Multi-Disc Jacket Sets

DVDs with Boxes, Portfolios, etc
DVDs in Software Product Boxes
DVDs in Literature Portfolios
DVDs in Hangtag Retail Packaging
DVDs in Snapper Packs
   
Special Disc Greeting Cards and Envelopes

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